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Single Payer Healthcare

How CBO Analyzes the Costs of Proposals forSingle-Payer Health Care SystemsThat Are Based on Medicare’s Fee-for-Service Program

Exhibit 1-1, Page 12 - Summary of CBO’s Projections Under Current Law and the (5) Illustrative Single-Payer Options, 2030: Current Law saves $0, Option 1 saves $142 Billion, Option 2 saves $144 Billion, Option 3 saves $306 Billion, Option 4 saves $327 Billion, Option 5 saves $466 Billion.

Improving the prognosis of health care in the USA

Taking into account both the costs of coverage expansion and the savings that would be achieved through the Medicare for All Act, we calculate that a single-payer, universal health-care system is likely to lead to a 13% savings in national health-care expenditure, equivalent to more than US$450 billion annually. The entire system could be funded with less financial outlay than is incurred by employers and households paying for health-care premiums combined with existing government allocations.

How are you going to pay for it?

PNHP will add new financing studies to this page as they are published (most recent study appearing first).

Of course, the status quo is unsustainable. National health spending continues to grow at a rapid clip, year after year after year, with the latest figures from 2019 showing a 4.7% increase from 2018, to $3.8 trillion. That’s more than enough to finance all medically necessary care for every U.S. resident while totally eliminating out-of-pocket spending.

Bottom line: a single-payer national health program is not only affordable, it’s the only affordable option.


Bonsai Fruit Trees

Any tree species can be used to grow a Bonsai from. This of course includes fruit trees!

Bonsai are kept miniature by applying techniques like pruning, wiring and repotting. Over the course of several years the leaves slowly reduce in size, which is crucial for the tree to appear natural. The fruits however often remain quite big. Tree species like the apple or lemon tree for example have quite big fruits, which can appear dramatic but perhaps a bit artificial. Other tree species, like the crabapple or pomegranate have naturally small fruits.


Monarch Butterfly Migration

U.S. Forest Service

The annual migration of North America’s monarch butterfly is a unique and amazing phenomenon. The monarch is the only butterfly known to make a two-way migration as birds do. Unlike other butterflies that can overwinter as larvae, pupae, or even as adults in some species, monarchs cannot survive the cold winters of northern climates. Using environmental cues, the monarchs know when it is time to travel south for the winter. Monarchs use a combination of air currents and thermals to travel long distances. Some fly as far as 3,000 miles to reach their winter home!


O'Connor Layover Agreement

Minnesota Historical Society: MNopedia

The O'Connor layover agreement was instituted by John O'Connor shortly after his promotion from St. Paul detective to chief of police on June 11, 1900. It allowed criminals to stay in the city under three conditions: that they checked in with police upon their arrival; agreed to pay bribes to city officials; and committed no major crimes in the city of St. Paul. This arrangement lasted for almost forty years, ending when rampant corruption forced crusading local citizens and the federal government to step in.


Could American Evangelicals Spot the Antichrist? Here Are the Biblical Predictions

List of prophetic verses in the bible concerning end times and the antichrist. May or may not line up with a recent POTUS...you be the judge.


Hermann Göring on Manipulating People

Gilbert, G.M. (1947). Nuremberg diary. Farrar, Straus and Company.

We got around to the subject of war again and I said that, contrary to his attitude, I did not think that the common people are very thankful for leaders who bring them war and destruction.

"Why, of course, the people don't want war," Goering shrugged. "Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best that he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece. Naturally, the common people don't want war; neither in Russia nor in England nor in America, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy or a fascist dictatorship or a Parliament or a Communist dictatorship."

"There is one difference," I pointed out. "In a democracy the people have some say in the matter through their elected representatives, and in the United States only Congress can declare war."

"Oh, that is all well and good, but, voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country."


Collective Nouns

A collection of things taken as a whole.

Shrewdness of apes. Sleuth of bears. Rabble of bees. Obstinancy of buffaloes. Pounce of cats. Quiver of cobras. Memory of elephants. Horde of gerbils. Passe of opossums. Aurora of polar bears. Rout of snails. Dazzle of zebras.

A Drudge of Lexicographers Presents: Collective Nouns

Melody of harpists. Poverty of pipers. Prudence of vicars. Eloquence of lawyers.


Wage Theft

Employers steal billions from workers’ paychecks each year

Workers in the 10 most populous states, home to about half of the country’s total workforce, are being cheated out of $8 billion annually. If these findings hold true for the other half of the U.S. workforce, it would mean that bad employers across the country are stealing around $15 billion annually from their employees just from minimum wage violations alone.
It is worth noting that this number, $15 billion, exceeds the value of property crimes committed in the United States each year: according to the FBI, the total value of all robberies, burglaries, larceny, and motor vehicle theft in the United States in 2015 was $12.7 billion (FBI 2016; Meixell & Eisenbrey 2014). Property crime is a better understood, more tangible form of crime than wage theft, and federal, state, and local governments spend tremendous resources to combat it. In contrast, lawmakers in much of the country allocate little, if any, resources to fighting wage theft, yet the cost of wage theft is at least comparable to—and likely much higher than—the cost of property crime. (It is important to note that our estimate doesn’t include all forms of wage theft: if minimum wage violations total $15 billion on their own, it is likely the full cost of all forms of wage theft—including failure to pay overtime, misclassification, off-the-clock violations, illegal deductions, and others—dwarfs the cost of property crime.)



A word that identifies a group of people in relation to a particular place.

Demonyms are usually derived from the name of the place (village, city, region, province, state, continent). Demonyms are used to designate all people (general population) of a particular place, regardless of ethnic, linguistic, religious or other cultural differences that may exist within the population of that place.

Some nifty demonyms include Cochabambino, for someone from the city of Cochabamba; Minneapolitan for a person from Minneapolis; Monegasque for a person from Moncaco; Ivorian for a person from Côte d'Ivoire; Kalamazooian, for a person from Kalamazoo; Hoosier, for a person from Indiana; Phoenician, for a person from Phoenix; Mancunian, for a person from Manchester; Liverpudlian, for a person from Liverpool.


George Washington on Political Parties

Farewell Address

However combinations or associations of the above description may now and then answer popular ends, they are likely in the course of time and things to become potent engines by which cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled men will be enabled to subvert the power of the people, and to usurp for themselves the reins of government, destroying afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion.



This is how conspiracies actually happen. It isn't hundreds or thousands or tens of thousands of people with intimate knowledge of what's happening, it's tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands or millions of people not wanting to pay attention to what's happening.

Joseph Goebbels’ 105-year-old secretary: ‘No one believes me now, but I knew nothing’

While she admits she was at the heart of the Nazi propaganda machine, with her tasks including massaging downwards statistics about fallen soldiers, as well as exaggerating the number of rapes of German women by the Red Army, she describes it, somewhat bizarrely, as “just another job”.
She was 31 and working for the state broadcaster as a well-paid secretary – a job she secured only after she became a paid-up member of the Nazi party – when someone recommended her for a transfer to the ministry of propaganda in 1942. “Only an infectious disease would have stopped me,” she insists. “I was flattered, because it was a reward for being the fastest typist at the radio station.”


Distance Learning

The 1950s TV Show That Set the Stage for Today’s Distance Learning.

In May 1962, the New York Times profiled Cora Gay Carr, a 37-year-old housewife and mother of two who was set to receive her Bachelor of Arts in English from New York University (NYU). An impressive accomplishment in and of itself, Carr’s graduation made headlines because she’d earned 54 of the 128 required credits by watching a television show: "Sunrise Semester."
Variety deemed the program “the first unquestioned hit show of the 1957 television season.” Fan mail sent in from viewers across North America echoed this enthusiasm, with one New Yorker saying, “I don’t usually write fan letters. But if you’ve got a fan club, I’ve just joined it.”


Snowflake Photography

These Are the Highest Resolution Photos Ever Taken of Snowflakes


Cubed Wombat Poo

It’s the wombat’s strange intestines, not its anus, that produces cubed poo.

"Bare-nosed wombats are renowned for producing distinctive, cube-shaped poos. This ability to form relatively uniform, clean cut feces is unique in the animal kingdom," said University of Tasmania wildlife ecologist Scott Carver, a co-author on the paper. "They place these feces at prominent points in their home range, such as around a rock or a log, to communicate with each other. Our research found that these cubes are formed within the last sections of the intestine—and finally proves that you really can fit a square peg through a round hole."



I was reading today - trying Brandon Sanderson for the first time - and came across "piss-poor" in the text of the book. This got me thinking: where did the word come from? And why?

According to Merriam Webster, the first usage of "piss-poor" comes from 1946 and is considered "vulgar slang." This makes me wonder if it somehow came into use from WWII? Maybe troops felt it important to keep hydrated and if you were "piss-poor" you were doing badly? Then again they had commercials like this for cigarettes back in the day so who knows where folks were vis-à-vis the whole urination thing. (By the way, did I miss something in that video? Even when Willie Hoppe, three-cushion billiards champion, used the "true" stick he still didn't sink a ball?)

This also made me think of other possible vulgar slang choices they could have made for "bad," such as: defecation-destitute, poo-poo-pauperized, micturition-miserly, dung-deficient, urinary-underprivileged, excreta-execrable, and waste-matter weak-sauce.


Queen Fried Chicken

Huh. It really is "fried chicken" at the end of Queen's One Vision.